SENTINEL is a 4 year Innovative Training Network (ITN) that brings together people and organisations from across the world to train the next generation of scientists and entrepreneurs in the field of single entity electrochemistry.


The project spans across 13 countries and consists of 20 organisations led by 11 supervisors to support the work of 15 PhD students (Early Stage Researchers, ESRs).

The main goal of SENTINEL is to train the next generation of scientists and entrepreneurs in the field of electrochemistry so they are well equipped to tackle challenges like climate change (i.e developing new technologies to achieve 0 carbon emissions), the rise of neurodegenerative disease (new techniques to better understand and treat disease like Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s).

First conceived at a 2016 Faraday Discussion and started in 2018, SENTINEL is a European project funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement n° 812398.

Find out more about the Single Entity Electrochemistry themed Faraday Discussion in 2016

Sentinel EU Flag


Europe needs to train a large number of highly qualified researchers in the latest advances in Nanotechnology able to face the issues that are currently challenging nanotechnology based industries and research centres.

The research and training programme of the SENTINEL Network will empower the next generation of researchers in nanoelectrochemistry with a truly global scientific and technical training and perspective.

What is Single Entity Electrochemistry?
Check out the poster that explains the science we are doing.


Who is part of the network?
See the team behind the work.



New Analytical Instruments
Development in the scientific instrumentation sector.

The emerging field of single entity electrochemistry/detection will revolutionize analytical science and creating new instruments.

Early-stage diagnosis and curing of diseases.

Some health treatment (such as those used in cancer, Alzheimer, Parkinson) requires targeting the issue at small scale.

Energy efficiency and sustainable energy solutions.

Nanotechnology/electrochemistry can help improve batteries, supercapacitors, photovoltaic cells, or water-splitting electrolysers.

New nanoscale measurement instruments.

Building an optical nanoscope.

Investigation of the resistance to treatment of brain cancer.

Electrochemical nanosensors for organs-on-chip monitoring.

Single-nanoparticle electrocatalysis.

Improved understanding of nanoscale nanocatalysts.

Development of a low cost, easy to use instruments and data analysis software.

Assess application for electrocatalysis at the nanoscale.

Comparing surface charge of neuron signalling.

Analysing cell components to understand normal/diseased cells.

New nanoscale measurement instruments.

Development of smart electrochemical devices for diagnostics.

Single-polymer detection.

The goal is further our understanding of cell heterogeneity.


Dielectric Discoveries

Dimitrios Soulias, a PhD Student in the Bioelectronics group at the University of Leeds, recently hosted Maxwell Sparey to kick start a collaborative project ...

Knockout Knowledge: The Final Word

A sad but wonderful last meeting of our network on Friday 3rd February. We waved goodbye virtually to each other at the end of an excellent talk and discussion ...

Biofilm Bonanza

Leeds fellow, Sam Confederat, in action presenting his work at the SMPS3 conference in Delft sponsored by Elements. Alongside Sam ...
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